Public Release

Despite a number of other things occupying my time over the last weeks, I have been able to resolve the final blocking issues which required resolution ahead of opening public access to the IEC 61131-3 virtual machine project source code (  One of the final concerns that I have had however has been the selection of an appropriate licence for distribution – While my natural proclivity is to opt for an Open Source Initiative (OSI) approved license such as the GNU General Public License (GPL) or the Apache License 2.0, there is a small concern that I have about the unrestricted use of this project code.  This is primarily due to the industrial nature and domain within which IEC 61131-3 compatible controllers, one of the principle candidate areas where code from this project might be employed is automation and industrial control.  In turn, my concern is that the unwary user might seek to employ code from this project in such a setting without taking appropriate duty or understanding of the appropriateness of the project code for the given purpose.  This is not to say that this project code cannot be employed for such purposes, but believe that the state of this project code as it stands currently has not yet undergone sufficient testing, audit and/or code review.

Accordingly, I have adopted the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence for the initial release of the IEC 61131-3 virtual machine project.  Under this license, project users are free to:

  • Share – copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format;
  • Adapt – remix, transform and build upon the material.

Under the following terms:

  • Attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license and indicate if changes were made.  You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use;
  • Non-Commercial – You may not use the material for commercial purposes.

Additional information about this licence can be found at

This license appears to strike a balance with respect to source code availability – for further development and educational purposes – while precluding commercial industrial use at this point in time.  I would however encourage anybody for whom this license presents issue to contact me – I am happy to discuss the possibility of a commercial-friendly license for this project code, but want to ensure that appropriate engineering safe-guards and review are adopted such that the project code is not employed in a manner for which it is not best intended.